This Other Eden
In his 1975 book The Experience of Landscape, Jay Appleton argued that we are attracted to landscapes that offer Prospect or Refuge, thereby serving our biological needs. This ‘prospect-refuge theory’ enabled Appleton to link those fundamental needs with the enjoyment we get from contemplating landscapes or their representation through symbolism in works of art. To mark the 70th anniversary of the Act of Parliament that brought the U.K. National Parks into being, I visited all 15 Parks in search of viewpoints rich in symbols of Prospect and Refuge. The bleakness or pastoral nature of many of the resulting panoramic images is an indicator of how few places of refuge there are in the man-altered landscapes of the U.K.
Janet Ruth Davies • Chris Evans • Grzegorz Jaworski • Francesca Jones • Garry Loughlin • Kelly Anne O'Brien • Jon Roberts • Cynthia Maiwa Sitei • Jude Wall •